Indian handicraft industry is well renowned for its connection with the topographical beliefs, social and religious beliefs and climate factors. The very first background of the handicraft is mentioned in the ramayana and mahabharata epics and also in Indus valley civilization.

Indian Handicraft are also famous in the whole world because of its foreign trade and techniques with use of materials. The time of indus valley civilization can be seen from 3000 B.C. when vedas were being narrated.

In vedas we can also see the reference of the many handicraft arts like - pottery making, sculptures and weaving arts. These handicraft items were sent to the arabian and european countries via sea routes for export purposes.

In the ancient handicraft arts, many stupas are the greatest examples of wood carving  and stone carving in which the sanchi stupa temple is very famous. Besides this the contemporary jewelry making world is also very famous.

In many of the buddhist scriptures there are many examples which shows that the Indian handicraft culture is also affected somewhere from the Greek influence. The handicraft art work can also can be seen in the Gupta period in the Ajanta and Ellora caves and it is also called the Golden Period handicrafts.    

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